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Typical housing gutters

House Gutters, more commonly known as rain gutters are janky tubes or half tubes that connect from the eave ends of the roof to a side of a house (these are called downspouts or downspouts). The main function is to protect the roof from water damage to prevent needing a roof repair by rerouting rainwater away from the house specifically the windows, walls, basement, or foundation/ house structure. Without one eventually result in fungus-growth or the erosion of your house’s foundation.

The 4 sections of a gutter

To begin, there are four types or four sections of a gutter that need to be assembled together.

There’s the basic gutter, the piece that attaches to the roof, it collects rainwater. It’s an open half tube.

The downspout is connected to the gutter, it directs the flow of water down the sides of the house. It’s a closed tube from all sides except the top or bottom.

The elbow connects to the end of downspouts, as one could guess it got its name because it literally looks like an elbow-shaped tube that’s also closed from all sides but the top and bottom.

Brackets have a similar function to tape, it fastens the gutter to the house.

The 2 Basic Shapes

The K style and the half-round. Both are made from 5 to 6-inch widths.

K style gutters aren’t k shaped like their name, they are asymmetrical, it’s bottom and backside are flat, like half of a rectangle while its front looks most similar to a janky curve or crown mold. Its downspout is completely rectangular. It’s a common type that can be spotted on most American houses. It can hold more water than the half-round and can hold water annually.

roof gutterThe half-round is sort of an old school gutter that’s said to be found in old homes. Just like its name the half round gutter looks like half a cylinder or semi-circle, Although it does it’s the main function but needs human assistance for the water to be drained away from the house. It’s more likely to function well with a round downspout. Adding rain barrels or adding downspout extensions six feet away from the house might be an option to consider.

Gutters are made from 6 materials

Aluminum, Vinyl, Seamless Aluminum, Zinc, Steel, and Copper.


  • Aluminum- rustproof, lightweight, and has a variety of color selections (don’t need a professional to install).
  • Vinyl- cheapest option that comes in a variety of colors. (Don’t need a professional to install)
  • Seamless Aluminum- custom made with few seams, expensive but quality ensured as fewer leaks are highly likely. Professional installation recommended.
  • Zinc- rustproof lasts longer than aluminum, and require welding. Pro installation recommended.
  • Steel- rust proof, strong, super durable, and long-lasting, comes in many colors. It’s very heavy so pro installation recommended.
  • Copper- rustproof, doesn’t mold, requires welding. Pro installation recommended.

Don't forget to keep them clean

The system should be inspected and cleaned annually or around the time of fall. If there are a lot of trees in the location one might double-check the gutters to make sure the tubes don’t get clogged by leaves, or the tubes don’t get damaged from squirrels or storms. Check for leaks at the seams and joints of the gutter, one can do a temporary fix by using gutter sealing spray or caulk, but a professional is usually advised to check it out.

When the gutter starts to leak, sag, or seem damaged that’s when calling a professional should be considered.

Gutter installation step-by-step process: